Table Of Content:
What is Uric Acid?
Uric acid is a heterocyclic compound made of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon and hydrogen. It is responsible for the production of ions and salts called urates and acid urates. Uric acid forms due to the breakdown of purine nucleotides. High concentration of uric acid in the blood may lead to medical conditions of gout, kidney stones and diabetes.
Foods High in Uric Acid To Be Avoided
- Red Meat (beef, pork, veal, etc.)
- Seafood: (Fatty fish like tuna, herring, mackerel, lobsters, shrimp, scallops, etc.)
- Certain vegetables: (Spinach, asparagus, lentils, mushrooms & dried peas)
- Beer & Alcohol: (Beer and alcoholic drinks)
Normal Levels of Uric Acid in The Body
Majority of uric acid gets passed through the intestines and ensures natural regulation of normal levels in the body. The normal levels of uric acid for females is fixed at 2.4 to 6.0 mg/dL. For males, the levels range in between 3.4 to 7.0 mg/dL. Uric Acid levels higher than 7.0 milligrams per deciliter (dL) cause painful forms of arthritis known as gout.
Importance of Controlling Levels of Uric Acid
When there is an excessive Uric Acid in the body, it goes into a state of ’huperuricemia’. This eventually causes metabolic acidosis, diabetes, gout and kidney disease.
- Gout: Consumption of animal based proteins leads to an increase in the level of uric acid by the breakdown of purines (by-product of protein digestion). When the kidneys are unable to remove the excess uric acid, it forms crystals with sharp edges and are prone to settle in the joints of the feet and the hands. The sharp edges press against the tender tissues beneath the skin, it causes extreme pain and inflammation.
- Metabolic Acidosis: Abundance of uric acid in blood occurs due to an intake of high amount of proteins that are not properly metabolized. When the kidney is unable to excrete the high amounts of uric acid from the body, it forms a condition of metabolic acidosis. Metabolic acidosis leads to rapid breathing, confusion, lethargy leading to shock and death. A lower degree of acidosis could develop as a result of consumption of a high protein diet over a period of time.
- Kidney Stones: These stones are formed due to excess uric acid crystals forming stones of different sizes deposited in the kidney. When a person attempts to pass urine, these stones get trapped in the uterus. This is an extremely painful and serious condition.
- Risk during pregnancy: High levels of uric acid put pregnant women under the risk of gestational hypertension and diabetes along with a serious condition called pre-eclampsia. Higher levels of uric acid increase the chance of complications during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes, when uncontrolled, may lead to the development of high blood sugar in the unborn baby.
List of Foods That Lower Uric Acid
Read chapter #2..