- Addictions and Poisoning
- Bones, Joints and Muscles
- Brain and Nerves
- Digestive System
- Ear Nose and Throat (ENT)
- Endocrine System
- Food, Nutrition and Diet
- Genetics and Birth Defects
- Heart, Blood and Circulation
- Infectious Diseases
- Kidneys and Urinary System
- Lungs, Breathing and Respiration
- Men's Health
- Mental Health and Behavior
- Mouth, Teeth and Oral Health
- Sexual Health
- Skin, Hair and Nails
- Surgical Procedures
- Women's Health
Genetics and Birth Defects
What is Lissencephaly? Lissencephaly, literally meaning "smooth brain", can be defined as a rare type of brain formation disorder that is caused by improper neuronal migration during the 12th-24th weeks of gestation. This results in a deficiency in the formation of the gyri or brain folds and the grooves (sulci).
Atrioventricular Septal Defect
What is Atrioventricular Septal Defect? Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD), also known as ‘Atrioventricular canal defect,’ is a form of congenital heart disease. It is characterized by a problem with the structure and functioning of the heart due to abnormal development before birth. In this condition, a large hole develops between the upper ...
Bronchogenic Cyst Definition These are cysts or sinuses that are small in size and are solitary. They are located in the region of suprasternal notch or over the manubrium. This type of cyst arises due to a congenital malformation of the bronchial tree.
Blepharophimosis Definition Blepharophimosis is a condition in which the eyelid suffers from malformation and is characterized by four distinct features - blepharophimosis, ptosis, epicanthus inversus and telecanthus. All of these features together give the term BPES to this syndrome. In this syndrome, the bridge of the nose is noted to be flat. ...
Alkaptonuria Definition Alkaptonuria is a genetic disorder in which the urine of the patient turns black once exposed to air. One of its important characteristic is Ochronosis, a condition that leads to dark pigment accumulation in connective tissues like cartilage and skin.
Laryngocele Definition Laryngocele refers to a congenital anomalous air sac which communicates with the cavity of the larynx which bulges outward. People who conduct forced expiration exert extreme pressure on the larynx which leads to dilation of the laryngeal ventricle. It can also be noticed in people who have obstructive airway disease.
Bloom Syndrome Definition It is a rare form of inherited disorder that is also known as ‘Bloom-Torre-Machacek syndrome’. This condition was first described and discovered by the New York dermatologist Dr. David Bloom in 1954. This is an autosomal recessive disorder which manifests itself with several breaks and rearrangements in the chromosomes ...
What is Moebius Syndrome? It is a very rare congenital neurological disease that causes facial paralysis and an inability to rotate the eyes from one side to another. Most individuals with this syndrome display complete facial paralysis since birth and are unable to form any facial expressions or close their eyes. Chest ...
Anophthalmia Definition Anophthalmia, also referred to as Anophthalmos, is a congenital defect that leads to absence of the eyes in a newborn. It is a very rare condition characterized by the lack of the ocular tissue and the globe of the eye. This defect can occur both unilaterally (affecting one eye) and ...
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a serious health condition that destroys the blood cells and can even turn fatal if not treated. Read on to find out about the causes, symptoms and treatment options of this blood disorder. Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria Definition It is an acquired genetic blood disorder which is caused by ...
What is Pancreatitis? It is a condition that leads to swelling of the pancreas, a gland that can be found ...