- Addictions and Poisoning
- Bones, Joints and Muscles
- Brain and Nerves
- Digestive System
- Ear Nose and Throat (ENT)
- Endocrine System
- Food, Nutrition and Diet
- Genetics and Birth Defects
- Heart, Blood and Circulation
- Infectious Diseases
- Kidneys and Urinary System
- Lungs, Breathing and Respiration
- Men's Health
- Mental Health and Behavior
- Mouth, Teeth and Oral Health
- Sexual Health
- Skin, Hair and Nails
- Surgical Procedures
- Women's Health
Genetics and Birth Defects
Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome Definition Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome (WAS) is a condition which affects blood cells and cells of the immune system. This condition was named first by Wiskott in Germany in 1937 and later by Aldrich in the USA in the year 1954. Individuals with this disease have low number of blood cells ...
Tracheoesophageal fistula is considered to be one of the foremost causes of severe and fatal pulmonary complications. Read on to find out more about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment approaches of this disorder. Tracheoesophageal fistula Definition This is a common congenital anomaly in which the trachea and the esophagus are abnormally connected. ...
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
What is Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia? Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) is a group of disorders that involve congenital malformation of the diaphragm. A malformed diaphragm lets the abdominal organs push into proper lung formation. It is a major life-threatening condition in infants.
Common Variable Immunodeficiency
What is Common Variable Immunodeficiency? Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a cluster of nearly 150 primary immunodeficiencies or PIDs that are characterized by a common group of features that includes hypogammaglobulinemia but are caused by different underlying factors. It is the most commonly occurring form of primary immunodeficiency, hypogammaglobulinaemia or immunoglobulin deficiency. ...
What is Septo-Optic Dysplasia? Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) is a very rare disorder that is characterized by the abnormal development of optic disk, pituitary problems as well as agenesis or absence of septum pellucidum, the portion of the brain responsible for separating the anterior horns or lateral ventricles of the brain. Other intracranial ...
What is Tyrosinemia? Tyrosinemia is an inborn or hereditary disorder involving a metabolic error that is associated with a severe liver disease during infancy. It hinders the natural ability of the body to effectively break down tyrosine, an amino acid.
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Definition Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a type of genetic disorder that is characterized by an absence of the functional T-lymphocytes, which gives rise to a malfunctioning antibody response caused either by direct involvement with the B lymphocytes and/or through an improper B lymphocyte activation instrumented by non-functional T-helper ...
Porencephaly Definition Porencephaly is a very rare form of cephalic disorder that involves encephalomalacia. It is a type of neurological disorder of central nervous system that is characterized with formation of cysts and/or cavities within one’s cerebral hemisphere.
Arachnodactyly Definition Arachnodactyly is a condition which causes the fingers of an individual to be long, slender and look like a spider’s legs. The name “Arachnodactyly” is originally derived from two Greek words: “arachne” meaning spider and “daktylos” meaning finger. Some patients may even have spider-like toes. This physical abnormality can affect ...
Patent ductus arteriosus
Patent Ductus Arteriosus Definition Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a congenital heart disorder in which the ductus arteriosus of a neonate remains open or 'patent' after birth. The ductus arteriosus is an essential part of the circulatory system, prior to birth. It generally closes shortly after a baby is born. In some ...
What is Pancreatitis? It is a condition that leads to swelling of the pancreas, a gland that can be found ...